In debates on the cli­mate cri­sis and the ener­gy tran­si­tion, a pic­ture is often paint­ed of major dif­fer­ences in atti­tudes between peo­ple liv­ing in urban and rur­al areas. But is this real­ly true? Based on rep­re­sen­ta­tive sur­vey data, this study analy­ses how peo­ple in dif­fer­ent res­i­den­tial envi­ron­ments think about cli­mate and ener­gy pol­i­cy issues. It shows that there are gen­er­al­ly only nuanced dif­fer­ences between them in views on the impor­tance of the cli­mate cri­sis and the pref­er­ence for cer­tain mea­sures. How­ev­er, the pro­files of peo­ple who share cer­tain views across res­i­den­tial envi­ron­ments dif­fer, some­times sig­nif­i­cant­ly. This is espe­cial­ly true for sup­port­ers of dif­fer­ent par­ties. The analy­sis clear­ly shows that a tar­get group-ori­ent­ed approach to cli­mate and ener­gy pol­i­cy is promis­ing when per­son­al char­ac­ter­is­tics of peo­ple and their res­i­den­tial envi­ron­ment are con­sid­ered together.